The function of fire engines can be divided into pump vehicles (pumping vehicles), ladder cars and other specialized vehicles. Fire trucks are usually stationed in the fire department and are driven to the scene by firemen when they encounter an alarm. In most areas, fire engines are sprayed with bright red (some areas also have bright yellow fire-fighting vehicles), with sirens and flashing lights on the roof. Fire-fighting vehicles are all kinds of fire equipment, fire appliances, the general term, is the current fire fighting force and fire fighting the main tool, is the most basic mobile fire equipment. The quality level of fire engines reflects the level of a national fire-fighting equipment, and even the level of the country's entire fire service.
Fire engines are classified by Brand:
The pump truck is equipped with fire-fighting pumps and other fire-fighting equipment and occupant seats, so that firefighters can be transported to the fire, using water directly to save water, can also be used to other fire extinguishing equipment. Most of the domestic pump fire engines for Jeep chassis and BJ130 chassis modification, suitable for water with narrow roads of the city and township.
In addition to equipment for fire-fighting water pumps and equipment, the tank has a large capacity of water storage tanks and hydraulic cannons. The water and fire fighters can be transported to the fire station independently to extinguish fires. In the water shortage area can also be used for water supply, water transport vehicles, suitable for general fire fighting, is the public Security fire brigade and enterprises dedicated fire fighting vehicles standing.
Can save fire independently. It is especially suitable for oil fires such as oil and its products, as well as water supply and foam mixture, which is a necessary fire-fighting vehicle for petrochemical enterprises, oil-transporting terminals, airports and city professional fire brigade.
High-foam fire-fighting vehicles equipped with high number of foam generator and fire pump system. Can rapidly spray foaming 400~1000 times the large number of high volume air foam, so that the surface of the combustion and air isolation, play a role in suffocation and cooling, and can exclude some of the smoke, suitable for extinguishing basements, warehouses, ships and other closed or semi-enclosed building fire, the effect is significant.
Carbon dioxide fire-fighting vehicles equipped with carbon dioxide extinguishing agent high-pressure gas cylinders and their complete sets of injection equipment, and some also have fire pumps. It is mainly used to extinguish the fire of precious equipment, precision instruments, important cultural relics and books files, and also to extinguish general material fires.
The main use of dry powder to save combustible and flammable liquids, flammable gas fire, live equipment fire, but also can extinguish the general material fire. For large-scale chemical pipeline fire, the effect of extinguishing is particularly remarkable. It is a standing fire engine for petrochemical enterprises.
Foam-dry-powder combined with fire-fighting vehicle equipment and fire extinguishing agent is a combination of foam fire engine and dry powder engine, it can both spray different extinguishing agent, also can be used alone. It is suitable for extinguishing combustible gas, flammable liquid, organic solvent and electrical equipment as well as general material fire.
Airport Rescue pilot fire engine This vehicle has very good maneuverability and is equipped with about 1000L of light water foam liquid. The car in the aircraft crash alarm, can be extremely fast to the crash site, to the aircraft fire site spray water bubbles, to prevent the hot spread, for the backup of the airport rescue fire truck to win extremely valuable time.
Airport Rescue fire engines dedicated to the aircraft crash fire fighting and rescue personnel, is a large chemical fire engine. Its characteristics are loaded with a large number of water and a certain proportion of foam fire extinguishing agent and dry powder, but also equipped with a variety of firefighting and rescue equipment and demolition tools, vehicles have good maneuverability and off-road performance, and can be in the process of spraying extinguishing agent. This is a significant difference from the general fire fighting fire engines.
High-lift fire engines-equipped with folding, telescopic or modular arm racks, turntable and fire extinguishing devices. Fire fighters can spray and fight targets in the air by fire-extinguishing devices at the top of the ground remote-operated arm.
Climbing platform Fire Engine: The vehicle is equipped with a hydraulic lifting platform for fire fighters to ascend the high-rise buildings, tall facilities, oil tanks and other fire, rescue trapped personnel.
High-lift fire engine: The car is equipped with folding, telescopic or modular arm racks, turntable and fire extinguishing devices. Personnel can be on the ground remote control operation of the top of the fire-extinguishing device in the air to rescue the target to spray extinguishing fire.
Ladder fire Engine: the car with telescopic ladder, can be equipped with lifting bucket turntable and fire extinguishing device, for fire fighters ascend to fire and rescue trapped personnel, applicable to high-rise building fire fighting.
Communication Command Fire Engine: The vehicle is equipped with radio, telephone, PA and other communication equipment, is for the fire scene commanders to command firefighting, rescue and communication contact of the special Service fire engine.
Lighting fire-fighting vehicles are mainly equipped with power generation and lighting equipment (generators, fixed lifting lighting towers and mobile lamps) and communications equipment. In order to provide lighting for the night fire and rescue work, and also as a temporary power supply for communication, broadcasting propaganda and demolition equipment.
Rescue fire truck vehicles equipped with a variety of fire rescue equipment, fire fighters special protective equipment, fire broken tools and ignition detectors, is responsible for rescue mission of the Special Service fire.
Reconnaissance fire trucks equipped with reconnaissance cabinets, reconnaissance boxes, broken tool cabinets, equipped with gas, liquid, sound and other detectors and analytical instruments can also be equipped with the user requirements of radio, walkie-talkie, VCR, tape recorder and open (closed) Road TV. It is a kind of reconnaissance fire engine suitable for special purpose of public security, judicature and fire fighting system. It is used in fire scene, crime scene and other site investigation, also applies to tertiary institutions, factories and mines enterprises, scientific research departments and geological prospecting units.
The exhaust fire truck is equipped with blower and air duct, which is used for smoke or forced ventilation in the fire, so that firefighters can enter the fire and rescue work in the building. Especially suitable for extinguishing underground buildings and warehouses and other places to use fire.
Water supply fire truck It is characterized by a large capacity of the storage tank, but also equipped with a fire pump system, used as a water supply back-up vehicles, especially for drought and water shortage areas. It also has the function of a general tank fire engine.
The main equipment on the vehicle is foam liquid tank and foam liquid pump device. It is a back-up vehicle for supplying foam liquid to the fire scene.
Equipment fire engines used to fire water suction pipe, fire hose, interface, broken tools, lifesaving equipment and other types of fire equipment and accessories transported to the scene.
Ambulance truck equipped with stretcher, oxygen respirator and other medical supplies, first aid equipment, used to rescue and transport fire victims. Propaganda fire truck vehicles are mainly equipped with film and television, recording sound and power generation equipment, is the fire prevention propaganda of the Special Service fire engine.
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