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Fire Truck Classification And Use Methods
- Oct 23, 2017 -

In the face of complex fire scene, different kinds of fire-fighting vehicles are needed. The use of various fire engines is often due to the different needs of fire extinguishing, it is difficult to accurately divide. Applicable to urban and rural areas, industrial and mining enterprises, forest areas and transportation hubs and many other places of fire engines, at present, there is no universally accepted unified classification method. The classification proposed here, only from a few aspects of a groping, need to be further improved.

It is usually classified according to the chassis carrying capacity of the fire engine, functional use, the layout of the occupant room and the installation position of the pump on the fire engine.

(a) According to the fire engine chassis load capacity classification

(1) Light fire truck. The Light fire truck is the chassis carrying capacity in the 500-5000kg of the fire engine. Mainly including light fire truck, light foam fire engine, light dry powder fire engine, light communication command vehicle, light reconnaissance fire engine and so on.

(2) Medium fire engine. Medium-sized fire engines are the chassis carrying capacity of 5000-8000kg fire engines. "Mainly includes various types of medium-sized water tank fire engines, foam fire engines, dry powder fire engines, foam-dry powder joint fire engines, climbing platform fire engines, ladder fire engines, lift high injection fire engines, communication command fire engines, lighting fire engines, exhaust fire engines, reconnaissance fire engines, fire engines, fire trucks, fire engines Foam fire engines and so on.

(3) Heavy duty truck. Heavy-duty fire engines are the chassis carrying capacity of more than 8000kg of fire engines. Mainly includes all kinds of heavy-duty water truck, foam fire engine, dry powder fire engine, carbon dioxide fire engine, foam ―― dry-powder joint fire engine, climbing platform fire engine, ladder fire engine and so on.

(ii) Classification of functional uses of fire engines

(l) Fire Fighting fire engines: fire extinguishing agents independently extinguish fires, there are pump fire engines, tank fire engines, foam fire engines, dry powder fire engines.

(2) Airport fire engines: dedicated to the handling of aircraft fire accidents, can be in the driving fire extinguishing fire fighting vehicles. Specifically: The airport rescue pilot fire engines, rescue fire engines.

(3) Special-purpose fire-fighting vehicles: The fire engine which is responsible for a special firefighting technology operation other than extinguishing fire. Specifically: Communication command fire engines, lighting fire engines, rescue fire engines, reconnaissance fire engines, propaganda fire engines, smoke exhaust fire engines.

(4) high-lift fire engines: that is, equipment lifting and fire extinguishing devices can be ascended fire fighting or fire rescue of fire engines. They are: Climbing platform fire engines, lifting fire engines, ladder fire engines.

(5) Back-up fire Engine: that is to add all kinds of fire extinguishing agents or firefighting equipment fire engines. Specifically: Water supply fire engines, foam fire engines, ambulance fire engines and so on.

(iii) Classification of installation locations of pumps on fire engines

(1) Front-mounted pump-type fire Engine: Pump installed in the front of the fire engine, the advantage is the maintenance of water pumps convenient, suitable for medium and light fire engines.

(2) Medium pump type fire Engine: The pump is installed in the central position of the fire engine. At present, most of China's fire engines adopt this type: The advantage is that the overall layout of the whole vehicle is more reasonable.

(3) Rear-mounted pump-type fire engine: its characteristic is that the pump maintenance is more convenient than the middle pump.

(4) Inverted pump-type fire engine: The pump is located in the side of the frame, the rear-mounted engine of the airport rescue fire engines often use this type. This arrangement can reduce the center of gravity of the car, but also for the maintenance of water pumps to facilitate.